What is author-date style?

In a previous post, we described notes and bibliography citations. Today, we’ll describe a different citation system called “author-date” style. In author-date style, note citations appear in the text of your paper like

How do I write a quotation?

In previous posts, we’ve described why and how to cite the sources you quote in your paper. Today, we’ll show how to write the quotations themselves. There are two main ways to present quotations: (1) you can set off a long quotation as a block, or (2) you can

How do I cite an image?

When you quote someone in a paper and cite a source for the quotation, you don’t normally write to the people you’re quoting to ask for permission; it’s enough simply to give them credit in a note. For images that you borrow (photos, paintings, drawings), the rules are different. There are laws that require users to get permission…

How do I cite the same source many times?

Although ideally you will cite more than one source in your research paper, there are times when a single source dominates, and you find yourself referring to it or quoting it repeatedly. Does that mean you have to cite that source in full in a footnote (or endnote) every time?

Why do I have to cite sources?

If you were an expert on your paper topic, you could be your own source of information. But assuming you’re not an expert, you will have to do some reading, write what you learned, and keep track of the books or articles or websites where you got your facts or quotes . . .