One of my favorite MS Word tricks allows a novelist (or any book writer) to view and organize their chapters in the Navigation pane (an option under the View tab). Using this feature, I can see all my chapter titles at a glance, and I can go instantly to the one I want by clicking on its title. Moving a chapter to a different location is as easy as clicking and dragging it down the pane. Numbered chapters renumber themselves like magic any time I change their order.
If you ever need to add, delete, or move a chapter while you’re drafting, you can make good use of this trick.
How to Populate the Pane
To make chapter titles show up in the Navigation pane, tag them as headings. It’s a snap: Click anywhere in a chapter title and choose the heading you want from the Styles menu (under the Home tab). I’ll use Heading 1 to tag the chapter titles in the examples here. (In a typical book manuscript, chapters would be longer.) Clicking on Heading 1 causes the chapter title to format as a heading and simultaneously appear in the Navigation list.
Once the Navigation pane is populated with your list of chapters (numbered or not, as you wish), you can do several things with it.
Navigate. Clicking on a chapter title in the pane will take you there immediately. If you split your screen to work in two chapters at the same time, the navigation pane doesn’t split. It remains whole and usable in both windows.
Search. Type a term into the search box at the top of the Navigation pane, and every chapter in the list where the term appears will be highlighted (as will the term itself throughout the document). The number of times the term occurs will be reported below the search box, and you can click through the results to see each occurrence in context. The search can be customized with various options in the search box’s dropdown menu, which will also call up the Find and Replace dialog box if you need to do more.
Add or delete chapters. To add or delete a chapter from the Navigation pane, right-click on a chapter title and choose New Heading or Delete from the menu, as needed.
Move (and renumber) chapters. This is my favorite feature. You can click on a chapter in the list and drag it to where you want it. Word automatically brings the whole chapter along. (It assumes that everything between one heading and the next one is a chapter.) Numbered chapters automatically renumber. (I find this hugely entertaining.)
How to Automatically Number the Chapters
Not everyone numbers their chapters, but numbers are handy while drafting, especially for those of us who procrastinate on giving our chapters actual titles.
A drawback to numbering chapters manually is that any time you delete a chapter or add a new one, or divide a chapter that somehow got way too long, you have to renumber all the chapters that follow. But this is the kind of task your word processor lives for. To make it happen, include Numbering as part of the Heading 1 style. Put your cursor somewhere within a chapter title that has already been formatted as Heading 1, and then click on Numbering (in the Paragraph group under the Home tab).
The chapter title your cursor is in will immediately acquire a number. But there’s one more step to telling Word that you want all Heading 1 titles to be numbered. To do this, call up the Styles pane by clicking the little expansion arrow in the lower right corner of the Styles group (under the Home tab).
Click the dropdown arrow for Heading 1 in the Styles pane, and choose “Update Heading 1 to Match Selection.” All your Heading 1 chapter titles will instantly have numbers. From then on, anytime you insert or delete a chapter, they will renumber.
You can use the same method to make any change to your heading style: color, size, boldness, and so forth. Or make several changes at once by choosing the Modify option from the dropdown menu. You might not be able to resist options like adding an automatic page break before the chapter title or assigning a style for the paragraph that follows it.
Once you begin using heading styles for your chapter titles, you can create a table of contents for your novel with a click or two. Place your cursor where you want the table of contents to appear, then go to the References tab and click on Table of Contents. From there, choose Automatic Table 1 (or whichever table you like). Voilà!
Fiction+ posts at Shop Talk reflect the opinions of its authors and not necessarily those of The Chicago Manual of Style or the University of Chicago Press.
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