How many sources can I cite in one note?

Insert citation (cfs)Notes-Bibliography System

If everything in a paragraph of your paper is from the same source, then cite that source at the end of the paragraph. If you have more than one source for that paragraph, you can list all the sources in the same note. (If your teacher or professor did not give you a limit, you can cite as many sources in one note as you like.) Put the citations in order of importance; if they are all equal in importance, use alphabetical order by the first author’s last name.1

1. Sara Stickler, Habits of Harried Students (New York: Vanity Press, 2013), 42; Howard Noggin and Shirley Noddin, “The Psychology of Paper-Writing Panic,” Brain Fun Newsletter 32 (2013): 4.

If different parts of your paragraph are from different sources, it will probably work better to have a separate note for each part of the paragraph.2 Place each note callout to show which information in the text you are supporting, and put the source for that piece of text in the note with the same number.3

2. Sara Stickler, Habits of Harried Students (New York: Vanity Press, 2013), 42.
3. Howard Noggin and Shirley Noddin, “The Psychology of Paper-Writing Panic,” Brain Fun Newsletter 32 (2013): 145.

Author-Date System

If you are using the author-date system and putting citations into the text of your paper, you can list several sources within one set of parentheses. Put a semicolon between the sources, like this (Stickler 2013, 4; Noggin and Noddin 2013, 145).

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#ChicagoStyle: Many school libraries provide free access to The Chicago Manual of Style Online. If you aren’t sure whether your school subscribes, ask your librarian. In the meantime, click here for a free trial.

#ChicagoStyle for students: Kate Turabian’s A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations is a smaller version of The Chicago Manual of Style written specifically for students. 

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