You have to use your own judgment on whether a fact needs backing up or not. If you can imagine the reader asking “Says who?” or “How do you know that?” you should add a note. If you write that Abraham Lincoln was an American president, you probably don’t need to cite a source. But if you write that Emperor Gaozu of Tang was the first leader of the Chinese Tang dynasty, you’d better tell where you learned it.
Your source citation of a book, website, article, or dictionary shows that an expert backs up your statement and tells the reader how to find the same facts.
Here’s a one-page tip sheet on when to cite: When to Quote, Paraphrase, or Summarize.
And another one: Three Principles for Citing Sources.
~ ~ ~
Many libraries provide free access to The Chicago Manual of Style Online. If you aren’t sure whether your school subscribes, ask your librarian. In the meantime, click here for a free trial.
Order the hardcover here.
#ChicagoStyle for Students
Kate Turabian’s A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, written specifically for students, covers every aspect of research paper writing, from thinking up a topic to submitting the paper in official Chicago format. Turabian’s guidelines are compatible with The Chicago Manual of Style.
Please see our commenting policy.